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NATURALIST’S REPOSITORY,

Monthly Miscellany

THE

. EXOTIC NATURAL HISTORY ff

CONSISTING OF f ELEGANTLY COLOURED PLATES WITH APPROPRIATE SCIENTIFIC

AND GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MOST CURIOUS, SCARCE, AND BEAUTIFUL PRODUCTIONS OF NATURE THAT HAVE BEEN RECENTLY DISCOVERED IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD; AND MORE ESPECIALLY SUCH

NOVELTIES

As from their extreme Rarity remain entirely undescribed, or which have not been duly noticed by any preceding Naturalits. THE WHOLE COMPOSED ACCORDING TO THE LATEST IMPROVEMENTS IN THE VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS OF

Che |Acienee,

AND FORMING COLLECTIVELY A TRULY VALUABLE COMPENDIUM OF THE MOST IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES

OF

QUADRUPEDS, BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS, SHELLS, MARINE PRODUCTIONS,

AND EVERY OTHER INTERESTING OBJECT OF NATURAL HISTORY, THE PRODUCE OF FOREIGN CLIMATES.

i ie s

BY E. DONOVAN, F.LS. W-S. &.

pS

VOL. I.

Bonvon ; | LAZASS

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR AND W. SIMPKIN AND R. MARSHALL,

STATIONERS’ HALL COURT, LUDGATE STREET.

1823.

_* mt oe

Plummer and Brewis,

~ Leve Lane, Eastcheap.

.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The Twelfth Number of this work is now respectfully submitted to the attention of the public. This number, accompanied by the Title Page and Index, renders the first volume complete. The Subscribers, therefore, are now enabled to form a correct idea of the nature and object of the undertaking: and from the style in which it has been so far conducted, to form some conclusion of that in which it is likely for the future to be continued.

The general approbation that has been bestowed already upon this publication can be best appreciated from the extent of sale, which, to say the least, has been respectable from the commencement, notwithstanding that the undertaking was began under the manifest disadvantage of being little known, and the very knowledge of its existence being still in no small degree circumscribed. It is not, therefore, without a sense of grateful feeling that the author has observed that besides the incidental sale of the different detached or monthly parts selected by purchasers desirous of the plates and descriptions of some particular object of rarity, that the number of regular subscribers, instead of diminishing, has rapidly advanced with the publication of each number in succession, and as it seems to appear in proportion as the public became better acquainted with its merits, and the more assured of its uninterrupted continuance. While this testimony of approbation prevails, the author of this undertaking will be duly stimulated to exert his best means of rendering it deserving of their con- sideration. Nor has he any hesitation in believing that it will be in his power, under the auspices of public favour, to produce a work of much elegance, and no mean utility, either as a work of taste for the library of the general reader, or the admirer of nature; the folios of the amateur, or the professed Study of the experienced Naturalist.

The commencement of this work was necessarily preceded by a few observations upon the nature and object of the undertaking: those obser- vations are no less appropriate on the present occasion than the former,

ren I la

ADVERTISEMENT.

and for this reason we shall again advert to them in restating the intention

the author has in view. The Narurautst’s Revosrrory, or MontuLy

Misceituany oF Exotic Narurat History, is designed to comprehend

in the most commodious form, a miscellaneous assemblage of elegantly coloured plates, with appropriate scientific and general descriptions of the

most curious, scarce, and beautiful productions of nature that have been

recently discovered in various parts of the world or may hereafter occur to

the notice of the author; and more especially of such novelties as from

their extreme rarity remain entirely undescribed, or which have not been

duly noticed by any preceding Naturalist.

Most readers, it is presumed, will be aware that the labours of the author’s life, during a course of many years have been directed to the pur- suits of natural science : labours not confined to any one particular branch or department of the varied face of nature, but extending generally to the whole. The endeavours of the author to elucidate the Natural History of the British Isles are sufficiently known from the various extensive works which have been produced by him during the course of the last thirty years, and the magnitude which those works have at length acquired in the progressive course of publication that had been adopted, is the best criterion of the approbation that has attended them. But it isnot within the views of the author in this place to expatiate upon a subject which might be deemed irrelevant, the works alluded to being devoted solely to the productions of our native country, while the avowed object of the present undertaking is to comprehend a selection of those only which are peculiar to foreign, and with few exceptions, to extra European climates. The chief motive of the author in adverting to those works, is to point out a style and mode of execution for the present undertaking, which, from the very extensive patronage those former labours of the author have experienced, may be considered applicable in a very peculiar degree to every purpose of correct elucidation, and as one most likely to ensure by its elegance and perfection that same proportion of general approba- tion which the other productions of the author have obtained.

With respect to the means within the author’s power of rendering

‘this work deserving of the public notice, either as to the novelty, variety,

rarity, or beauty of the various objects it is destined to embrace, the author must rather trust to the favourable opinion which the world may entertain in its behalf, from the examples now submitted to consideration,

ADVERTISEMENT.

than to any preliminary observations he can offer: he shall only presume respectfully that they are adequate to the purpose, and calculated to answer every moderate expectation his preliminary observations may have excited.

It will be readily conceived that the opportunities of the author's life, so assiduously devoted to the Science of Nature, must have enabled him to enrich his port feuilles with a collection of Drawines, Manuscripts, and Memoranpa of no mean importance in all its branches. ‘This is perfectly correct. His own Museum confined chiefly, but not exclusively, to the productions of Great Britain, have afforded many rarities, the offspring of foreign climates, which could not elsewhere be procured. But independently of those resources which his own collection has afforded, his other means have been amply extensive. Through the kindness of his scientific friends, he has had unlimitted access to many other collec- tions of acknowledged moment, for the purpose of enriching his Collectanea with drawings and descriptions of the more interesting rarities which those cabinets respectively contained. Some of those collections exist no longer and are probably now forgotten, but the memory of others, even among the number of those which have passed away, will ever be cherished with regret in the mind of every man of science by whom their merits were understood. The preservation even of the memorials of some minor portion of the rarities which those collections once embodied can scarcely fail to prove of interest at the present day, while their total loss to the rising generation will be in some degree appreciated from the memoranda and occasional references that will appear respecting them in the progress of the present work: to enumerate the many collections of private indi- viduals, the rarities of which have contributed to render this collection of the author’s drawings important, would extend our advertisement far beyond our intended limits. It may be sufficient to observe that the late Leverian Museum, rich in every branch of Natural History, has tended in an eminent degree to this effect ; the author having been favoured with unreserved permission to take drawings and memoranda of whatever he deemed important, besides having subsequently enriched his own Museum with a very ample portion of that fine collection, by public purchase, at the time of its dispersion; particularly in the different tribes of the Mammiferous animals, in Ornithology, Ichthyology, and various others ; and also with every object materially important among the extra- neous fossils which that splendid museum originally contained. It will be

ADVERTISEMENT.

also seen from many of our pages that through the kindness of the late worthy President of the Royal Society, Sir Joseph Banks, the rich and truly scientific collection of that munificent patron of the sciences was ever open to us for the furtherance of our pursuits in Natural History; and of the object of the present work among others. The collections of Mr. Drury, and also that of Mr. Francillon, in the particular branches of Entomology, are too considerable to be passed slightly over: the rarities of both these collections have in an eminent degree improved our means of rendering this work important. And lastly we may mention among other scientific acquisitions the Collectanea of drawings formed by the pencil of the late Mr. Jones of Chelsea, together with the manuscripts of Fabricius in elucidation, as a treasure which cannot be too highly appreciated when we recollect the importance of the Fabrician writings on the continent, and remember also that those drawings afford the only illustration of the most splendid portion of the insect race which that author exclusively describes, and by which very many of the species can alone be now determined.

In conclusion of these remarks it may be observed, however, that while in our elucidation of those rarities which the collections and museums above adverted to have so amply afforded, we render a deserved tribute of record to the liberality of those whose services in the cause of Natural History have so amply contributed to its advancement in former days, the author will not remain unmindful of those advantages which the many valuable collections of the present period offer. It will appear as this work proceeds that he is in no small degree indebted to the favor of many eminent scientific characters of our time, as well as those who have preceded them, for their permission to take drawings and descriptions of such raritics in their collections as really appear worthy of distinct consideration. And it may be added finally that he shall at all times avail himself with pleasure, and acknowledge with thanks, any further advantages of the same kind which the favours of others may be induced

to allow for the purpose of enriching the present undertaking.

LAMBETH, March 1st, 1823.

Gable of Contents.

ALPHABETICAL INDEX

TO

VOL«i.

Acamas, Papilio; Acamas’s Butterfly - - - Agave, Papilio; Agave’s Butterfly - - - - Agewa, Papilio; Ageza’s Butterfly - - - -

Alliacea, Peteveria, America - - - - - -

o-

-

Plate.

Amniralis, Conus, var Amboinensis ; Three-Banded High-Spired Admiral

MEIRN colar y ehh a ta a a Sl dee fe

Ammiralis, Conus, var; Six-Banded High-Spired Admiral Shell

Ammiralis, Conus, var Cedonulli; Olive-Banded Nonpareil Cone

Amniralis, Conus, var Fulvous Nonpareil Cone

Aurantiaea, Jacquinia, Sandwich Isles - - -

Aurora, Cyprea; Aurora, Morning Dawn, or Orange Cowry

Belladonna, Papilio ;. Belladonna’s Butterfly - Bengalus, Fringilla, Blue-Bellied Finch- - - Camara Lantana, West Indies - - - - - - Cayana, Ampelis, Purple-Throated Chatterer - Ciris, Emberiza, Painted Bunting - - - - Codomannus, Papilio, Codomannus’s Butterfly

Dimas, Papilio, Dimas’s Butterfly - - - -

Foliatus, Murex, Tri-Foliated Murex, or Rock Shell

Galgulus, Psittacus, Sapphire Crowned Parrakeet -

Harpa, Buccinum var testudo, Tortoise-Shell Harp -

Hippodamia, Papilio ; Hippodamia’s Butterfly

Homerus, Papilio; Homer’s Butterfly - - - - -

-

Imperialis, Trochus var Roseus ; Roseate Imperial Sun Trochus -

a

18

es |

Vig.

me WwW Ww w=

ALPHABETICAL INDEX.

Plate. Fig. Maculatus Psittacus; Spotted-Breasted Parrakeet - - - - - - + = 38 Marcellina, Papilio; Marcellina’s Butterfly - - - - - - - - = - 64,1 Melanopterus, Psittacus; Black-Winged Parrakeet - - - - - - - - 30 Ornatus, Trochilus; Tufted-Necked Humming Bird - - - - - » - 25 Ovata, Goodenia; Ovate-Leaved Goodenia - - - - - - - - » = 20 Palustre, Sedum, North America - - - - - - - - = «= = = = = 29 Parmentaria, Erica - - - - - = = © © © = © © © = «© = © 85 Pella, Trochilus, Topaz Humming Bird- - - - - += - - - = « = Psamethe, Papilio, Psamethe’s Butterfly - - - - - = - - = «= = 9 Punctata, Pipra, Punctata, or Speckled Manakin - - - = = - = - 20 Pylades, Papilio, Pylades’s Butterfly - - - - = - - = = - = B Pyramus, Papilio, Pyramus’s Butterfly - - - - - - - - © - + - 32,2 Pyrum, Voluta, Pear Volute, Front View - - - - - - - - = = = 21 1

——_——-——Reversed Ditto, or Sacred Chank Shell, Front

Wiew “- -- = = § 6 *n ‘8 -e te te te we id Sw) Te Seen Pyrum, Voluta, Pear Volute, Back View - - - - - - = = 8 = = —~ ——-————————_Reversed Ditto, or Sacred Chank Shell, Back -

Wiew, fe om et ce a Re a a a ee ae Sanguinea, Terebratulo, Sanguineous Lamp Anomia, or Lamp Cockle - = Scalaris, Turbo (Scalaria Pretiosa) Scarce Wentletrap - - - = = « « Scapha, Volute var Nobilis, Noble Chinese Volute - - - = = = = a Scorpio, Murex, var Minor; Least Stag’s Horn Murex - - - = = = = Thersites, Papilio, Thersites Butterfly - - - - - - - - +. - « Tricolor, Tanagra @, Tricoloured Tanager - - - - - © = © = = 5 Tros, Papilio, Tros’s Butterfly - - - - « 2 = Ss (ele win) wie

Viridis, Trogon, Yellow-Bellied Green Trogon or Curucui - - - = = «=

Vulgaris, Malleus, Hound’s Tongue Hammer Shell - - - - © = = «.

Zacynthus, Papilio, Zacynthus’s Butterfly - - - - - = «= = 2 = =

THE BINDER 2

Is requested to observe that the Numbers have been transposed by mistake upon

the Three following Plates. For Plate 27 read 25.

Plate 25 read 26. Plate 26 read 27.

And place the plates with their respective descriptions according to this correction.

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Ok. Mi

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Aan

Dy A eahy ¥ CRE, Y wa ae WARY Mui Fey aay wr a

AG

Ren aoe A TORT, " Pe autre 4

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ae Ph By ie a ia q q at 5 an 7) A an a any aie f r ieee A,

Lonton, Lublished by E.Donovan as the Act directs April. 1é22.

THE NATURALIST’s REPOSITORY.

§c. &e. &e.

CONCHOLOGY.

PLATE IL. FIGURE LI, CONUS AMMIRALIS var AMBOINENSIS.

THREE-BANDED AMBOYNA HIGH-SPIRED ADMIRAL SHELL,

UNIVALVE.,

GENERIC CHARACTER.

Animal alimax. Shell univalve, convolute and turbinate, Aper- ture effuse, longitudinal, linear, without teeth, entire at the base: ‘pillar smooth.

B

PLATE Tf.

SPECIFIC CHARACTER AND

SYNONYMS.

Shell with rough punctures at the base.

Conus AMMIRALIS: testa basi punctato scabra.

ConuS AMMIRALIS: testa basi punctato. Linn. Syst. Nat. 10 p. 714. n. 257.—Mus. Lud. Ulr. 553. n. 157. Gmel. Linn. Syst. Nat. 3378. 10.

Conus AMMIRALIS var AMBOINENSIS. @. Spire high and tapering; shell pyriform, glossy, smooth, pale yellowish with two broad bands of testaceous marked with large subsaggitate oval spots of white, anda narrow band between composed of white spots and

intermediate testaceous dots.

Were it within the contemplation of our present views to enter into the ancient history of the science of Conchology, we should be under little difficulty in demonstrating upon the authority of the best informed historians as well as ancient classics that it has a claim to very remote antiquity. The study of Shells prevailed, at. least to some extent, in those early times when the generality of man- kind believe the world to have been buried in the depths of ignorance. Atperiods, even when some among those of better information may be inclined to imagine that the ancients could have had no very accurate conceptions of the nature of these bodies, or of their classification, natural or artificial, and even when it might be supposed from the warlike temper of the age the collecting of shells would have been

deemed an unworthy occupation, we discover sufficient indications

CONCHOLOGY.

to prove that their leisure hours were so employed. The produc tions of the sea were delineated in their manuscripts; Pliny speaks. of the delight the artist took in painting the asterias, or sea sfars.. The spontaneous offerings of the ocean were depicted in. thei natural colours upon the walls of their dwellings, abundant evidence: of which appears among the ancient paintings of Herculaneum ard. Pompeii; and that the shells themselves were sometimes collected by the ancients is placed beyond a doubt from those remains which. have been found, at various times, among the relics of those cele=: brated ruins, and also among the ruins of the Roman town, perhaps

\ no less ancient, denominated La Scava.

It is declared by Pliny, in the ninth book of his Natural His-. tory, that the Romans of his time were better acquainted with the» productions of the sea than the animals of the land, a circumstance: he attributes, and unquestionably with sufficient reason, to. the ex- travagant excess to which the luxurious taste of those times was’ carried. This will excite the less surprise when we recollect the. various useful results deduced from this investigation. Of these we have several very memorable examples; the exquisite dyes of green, the scarlet, and the imperial purple, which they possessed: and prized so eminently, were all the produce of-testaceous bodie~. And so likewise the pearls gathered from the various perlaceous | i-~ valve shells ; and pearls we are assured were in those days valved at: Rome, as in Egypt, at a price infinitely beyond that of goldan1 gems,

the diamond alone excepted.

Pliny tells us, that, in his time, after the diamonds of India and.

Arabia, pearls were esteemed most precious, .and that. we may be.

PLATE I.

viider no error as to the application of the text to the pearls found - in shells, he further adds, that he had before spoken of these pearls. in his book that treats upon the productions of the sea*. The diamonds in those times were so scarce, and esteemed so highly, as to be little known, except among princes, the smaller and most inferior kinds alone excepted. The pearls were the most costly jewels em- ployed in the ornaments for the ears, the neck, and fingers of the fair sex, and the shells themselves were converted into various

articles of finery for their wardrobe and furniture.

But it is not, as before. observed, within our province in this place, to enter into any such latitude of explanation as an ample illustration of these remarks may be conceived to merit. It is our object only to express ourselves in general terms: it may be sufficient therefore to observe, that among the luxuries of the great in the times of Pliny, Oppian, and Juvenal, it is certain they indulged their peculiar taste in the study of these productions of the deep. They not only amassed together the more curious among those. shells whose beauty attracted their regard, they entered also to some ex- tent into their history and manners, and were sufficiently informed as to their natural properties to render them subservient to the general purposes of luxury and life. They knew the distinctions between the land, the fresh-water, and the marine tribes of shells,

and they proceeded with minuteness and sometimes fully into their

* (Adamas.) Proximum apud nos Indicis Arabicisque mare atid Bie

titim est, de quibus in nono diximus yolumine inter res marinas.” Pl. Hist. Nat. libs 3% cap. 4, R

Pa

CONCHOLOGY.

history. No classic reader of the Halieutics of Oppian will doubt the general acquaintance of the ancients with those beings in their native element, nor will any one imagine, who is conversant with the lives of the philosophers of the infant ages of the world, that the study of Conchology, even asa science, was unknown. So many writings of the ancients, even of the classic ages of Greece and Rome, have disappeared, that it may be now impossible to form any very accurate conclusions, at the same time that enough remains to jus- tify our persuasion that it was far from inconsiderable. Among others, the works of Aristotle, the preceptor of the Macedonian conqueror Alexander, have survived the ravages of time, and very happily, for the history of human knowledge unfolds to us the views which the ancients had then taken of natural science, and among the rest of the science of Conchology; and there is, moreover, every reason to believe that. in the classification of the testaceous tribes, or shells, which the writings of this philosopher present us, we, in reality, possess the arrangement of the shells composing the Conchological collection of that most potent monarch, the conqueror

of the world :—the classical distribution of the shells of the great | Alexander, as they were disposed by the most celebrated naturalist of his age, and at a period more remote than three centuries before

the commencement of the Christian zra.

The Science of Conchology, like that of all other branches of nature, has undergone its mutations at various periods. Generally, it has held a rank of some eminence, a circumstance attributable no doubt to the peculiar beauty of this interesting tribe. In speak- ing of the latter times, the period of the last and preceding centuries,

it would be difficult to determine in which country of civilized Europe

PLATE I.

the science of Conchology has been most esteemed; at one time, the virtuosi of Holland, at another of France, and latterly of Britain, have endeavoured to produce the most extensive and costly cabinets of Conchology, and each in consequence may perhaps have excelled alternately ;, nor were other countries of Europe in this respect less emulous, or materially deficient in the number and excellence of their collections in this department of nature, during the same

periods,

We have been unavoidably led into this train of digression and remark from a due consideration of the very interesting history connected with the shells which form the subject of the annexed. Plate, the particulars of which, it is presumed, will be found to jus- tify the general tendency of these observations, and these remarks may be considered also as a prelude to the introduction of many others among the number of those rarities which it is within our contemplation to produce progressively in the course of the present work ; shells, to which the prevalence of general taste has assigned a value and importance scarcely less considerable than the non~

pareil cones, or the eminently celebrated cedo nulli.

The first shell in the plate before us that invites attention from its magnitude is that superb cone delineated at figure 1. This shell, which once held a distinguished place in the Leverian Museum, is two inches and six-eighths in length, its greatest breadth one inch and three-eighths. The general colour pale yellowish, with two bands of chesnut, marked with irregular arrow-headed spots of white, and an intermediate narrow band composed of white spots of

the same form, each connected by means of an intervening dot of

CONCHOLOGY.

chesnut, which, together, form a catenated band of peculiar elegance. When very closely examined with the aid of a magnifier, the whole surface of the shell appears finely reticulated with yellow.

This shell was sold in one of the latter day’s sale of the Leverian

Museum for the sum of five guineas and a half.

FIGURE Ii. CONUS AMMIRALIS var AMBOINENSIS ¢.

“SIX-BANDED AMBOYNA HIGH-SPIRED ADMIRAL SHELL.

‘Spire high and tapering; shell subpyriform; smooth, pale yel- lowish, sprinkled with fulvous ; body-wreath with six bands, the three uppermost linear, and composed of alternate white and chesnut- coloured dots, the three lower of two broad castaneous bands, marked with subsaggitate oval spots, and an intermediate narrow belt of al- ternate brown and white dots.

This shell, like the former, (fig.I) constituted part of the Leverian collection of exotic shells. Its length is an inch and half, its greatest

breadth exceeding five-eighths of an inch.

Notwithstanding the inferiority of its size, this very elegaut and

curious shell is not less interesting than the preceding. The general

PLATE I.

tints in both are nearly the same, but in the present shell are rather deeper, the dots of fulvous brighter and more thickly sprink- led, and the bands more numerous. Like the former shell it has two broad bands of brown, checquered with subovate spots of white, and an intermediate dotted line, but these are placed rather nearer towards the narrower end of the shell, and the intervening space between the spire and the larger band, encompassed or girt round with two other linear bands, composed of white and brown dots, besides another still more conspicuous, and composed of larger spots

along the base or body-wreath, contiguous to the spire or turban.

This little shell may be considered as affording an excellent type of one of the rarer kinds of Conus Ammiralis, the variety de- nominated the Six-banded high-spired Admiral Cone. During a - period of some years that have now elapsed since the dispersion of that collection, no other example of this variety has occurred to our

observation more perfect and characteristic in all its markings.

FIGURE III. CONUS AMMIRALIS var CEDO NULLI2. OLIVE-BANDED NONPAREIL CONE.

Spire high and tapering; marbled white, fulvous, and dusky ;

body-wreath with three subolivaceous bands, the broadest towards

CONCHOLOGY.

the spire, with four belts of whitish dots; the two others towards

the narrow end each with a single row of dots.

If in the preceding instances we have produced some novelties worthy of particular attention, the present shell, in point of value as well as beauty, must also lay a distinguished claim 1o our consi- deration. This is one of those rare varieties of Conus Ammiralis denominated the CEDO NULLI, or CEDO NULLI pretiossissimus, in allusion to the incomparable value affixed to the varieties OL this peculiar species. The importance attached to the shells of this kind may indeed be best conceived by stating that some of its varieties have been valued at twenty, fifty, and one hundred guineas ; one, in almost every respect resembling that delineated at figure 4, the celebrated Cedo Nulli of Lyonet’s cabinet, was valued by Lyonet himself, about the year 1732, at three hundred guineas; and either this shell, .or another very similar to it, actually realized a

sum of 1200 florins,

As the shells of this kind may very justly be presumed to be of the first rarity, every trait of information that may appear calculated to elucidate their history, it is presumed, will not only be permitted but be deemed acceptable, and under this impression the ensuing ob-

servations are submitted.

Much about the era of the first explosion of the French Revo: lution of 1789, and within the space of a few years after, it is perfectly well kuown that many of the choicest cabinets and collec- tions of rarities that had before been the pride of France and

C

PLATE Tf.

Holland were consigned to this country for the sake of safety, and being in some instances afterwards dispersed, had tended, in no small degree, to enrich the cabinets of our own country. It was at this period that many very rare shells occurred to our observation which have since disappeared, and among others, several of those varieties of Cedo nulli which had been before held in other parts of Europe in considerable estimation. In the year 1797 we saw no Jess than five specimens of this rare shell, all varying a little from each other, in the cabinet of the French Minister of State, M. de Calonne; in one, the colour was pale, in another deeper, one was

lineated, and another distinguished by having three distinct bands.

At the dispersion of the Calonnian Museum, which took place by public sale rather more than twenty years ago, the series of these valuable shells passed into the fine collection of the present Earl Tankerville, a collection his lordship was then forming for the pleasure of an amiable and beloved daughter since deceased, and these shells are still considered among the more choice rarities of

that valuable cabinet.

The shell, however, more immediately under our consideration, the variety, delineated at figure 3, is from another source ; it was among the spoils of rarities sent over to this country from Holland, at the time of the insurrection connected with the first inroads of the French into that country. The shell passed into the hands of a merchant of curiosities in London, and being afterwards sold, its

destination is uncertain ; the price affixed was twenty guineas.

This shell corresponded very nearly with the variety denomi-

nated Seba’s Cedo nulli, haying once formed a part of the museum

CONCHOLOGY.

of the celebrated Seba, but it could not be the same, because the entire collection of Seba, which at the period of the French inva- sion constituted part of the Royal Museum of the Stadtholder, was carried into France and its contents distributed among the other objects of natural history in the French Museum*. The description which Favanne has left us of the CEDO NULLI DE SEBaA is in the following words, and will be found on a near comparison to accora pretty accurately with our present shell:—‘‘ Le Cedo nulli de Seba, a large bande citron foncé, chargée de quatre cordelettes de grains inégaux, blancs, bleus, rouges et orangés. Le reste de sa robe est fascié et marbré d’orangé-brun, de jaune, de rouge et bleu- pale sur un fond blanc avec deux bandes grenues vers le bas.”

FAVANNE, t. . p. 422,

FIGURE IV.

CONUS AMMIRALIS var CEDO NULLI &, FULVOUS NONPAREIL CONE. Spire high and tapering, fulvous reddish and orange, varied

and marbled with white; two orange bands, each with four belts of

white dots, and a single series near the tip.

The shell from which this drawing is taken fell also into the

possession of the same individual as the last, and much about same

* Vide Annales du Museum National. An. xi, (1802) Primier Cahier.

PLATE I:

period. This rarity was disposed of, as I have been informed, it a price exceeding that of the former, and passed shortly after, I believe, into the Imperial cabinet, at Vienna, or otherwise into one of the continental cabinets in the north of Europe, a circumstance we have |

not, at this distant period, any means whatever of determining:

The accordance between this shell and the celebrated Cedo nulli of Lyonet’s cabinet, which, as before intimated, was estimated at the value of three hundred guineas, will not escape the remark those who are acquainted with the description of Lyonet’s shell: According to Favanne there were two or more varieties of the Cedo nulli; in his time, in France, that bore a very near resemblance to the shell of Lyonet; he speaks of one in the cabinet of Madame La Presidente de Bandeville, which differed in its marbling of white : in being larger and more prolonged upon the top of the first wh>:!, ather larger, and interrupted with veins of orange, and the last of the two belts of white spots which follows this zone near the bottom of the first whorl, composed of rather larger spots; with

these exceptions the two shells were precisely the same.

The Cedo nulli of Lyonet is described as being of a yellowish colour, divided into bands, the lower one and that in the middle tnarbled with white, the other two marked, the one with four li.t'é

belts with white dots, the second with only three *.

* Le Cedo Nulli A bandes, ou dont la robe jaunatre se partage en quarré bands, l’inferieure et celle dumilieu sont comparties de marbrures blanches, les deux autres sont remplies, l’une de quatre cordelettes 4 point blanes; Ja second de trois seulement. om. 1, p. 442.

CONCHOLOGY.

I ought not to close these remarks without observing, that these shells vary so considerably that no two specimens have yet occurred that agree precisely with each other. Some approach also, but aré clouded instead of banded; these are the French Cedo nulli gra- phique, Conus mappa of Solander, and being held in less esteem from having their colours disposed in clouds instead of bands, have obtained the name of the false Cedo nulli. The transitions of these shells, it must be confessed are so various as to render it extremely difficult, if not unsafe, to determine where one species ends and another commences, the difference in the colours affords no sufficient data, neither is the form of the shell, nor the height of the spire so

uniformly certain as to constitute a precise criterion.

Linnzus, in his description of the conchological cabinet of her majesty Ludovica Ulrica, the Queen of Sweden*, speaks of three different varieties of Conus Ammiralis « Ammiralis summus, 8 Am- miralis ordinarius, ¥ Ammiralis occidentalis, and these are again recited in his Systema Natura. But it will be seen from the last edition of that work, by Professor Gmelin, that the varieties dis- covered subsequently to the age of that inestimable naturalist are very considerable, amounting to no less than thirty different kinds, and these do not include the whole at present known. Gmelin, it should be added, admits only two or three kinds as the true CEDO NULLI, which he characterizes essentially as being encompassed with dotted articulated belts, Cedo nulli cingulis punctato-articulatis ; one he describes as being yellow, painted with red, and marked with eleven distinct belts of milk white ; another, orange with crouded

elevated interrupted chesnut lines,

PLATE I.

‘These shells inhabit chiefly the South American Seas; the true Cedo nulli, as it is called, has been found at Grenada. Some of the varieties of Conus Ammiralis, are not very uncommon, and are in infinitely less esteem than others; for, as it has already appeared, it is in proportion to their rarity in addition to some peculiarity in the colours and markings, and most especially in their disposition into the form of bands, that taste and fancy has affixed a value so

considerable as that which these shells are sometimes known te

bear.

ad

Lenton. Published by E Donovan & Simpkin ke Marshall, April, 2622.

ORNITHOLOGY. Pi AT Eye

TROGON VIRIDIS. YELLOW-BELLIED GREEN TROGON, OR

CURUCUI.

ORDER

PIC &.

GENERIC CHARACTER.

Bill shorter than the head, sharp edged, hooked margin of the

mandibles serrated : feet scansorial or formed for climbing.

SPECIFIC CHARACTER AND

SYNONYMS.

Green gold, beneath luteous; chin black; on the breast a green gold band.

PLATE IT.

TROGON VIRIDIS: viridi-aureus, subtus luteis, gula nigra, fascia pectorali viridi-aurea. Gmel. Linn. Syst. Nat, 2. 404. n. 3.

TROGON VIRIDIS, Linn. Syst. Nat. edit. 12.1. p. 167. 3. Trogon Cayanensis viridis. Briss. av. 4. p. 168. n. 2 t. 17. Couroucou 4 ventre jaune. Buff. Ois. 6. p. 291. Pl. Enl. 195. TROGON VIRIDIS: viridi-aureus subtus luteis, gula nigra, retrici- bus utrinque tribus extimis oblique et dentatim albis. Lath. Ind. Orn. t. 1. p. 199. 2. Yellow-bellied Curucui. Lath. Gen. Syn. 2. p. 488, 2.

This curious and very elegant bird is about twelve inches in length; the bill an inch long and of a pale cinereous or ashen hue, and, like most other species of this remarkable genus, serrated along the margin. The legs are feathered to the toes, and with the

toes and claws are of a pale brown.

The colour of the head and neck of this species is black, very richly glossed with blue, which appears, in different directions of the light, highly splendid upon its surface. Upon the crown of the head the blue verges into violet and purple, and in descending towards the neck becomes changeable into a fine green, glossed with gold; these brilliant hues appear also on the sides of the neck, and passing round as a kind of pectorial band forms in particular a

rich zone of golden green upon the breast,

The pale ashen hue of the bill is singularly contrasted with the

deep black and violet of the head and neck, and the sudden transi-

ORNITHOLOGY,

tion of the colours of the body is no less remarkable, the plumage in this part becoming abruptly of a fine yellow from the breast down to the thighs; these latter are black, but the vent feathers beyond are of a fine yellow, like the colour of the abdomen. The upper parts of the body are green glossed with yellowish and partaking of a golden lustre. The upper wing coverts and scapu- lars are dark fuscous, mottled with greyish; the quill feathers dark brown, quills from the base to the middle white. The tail is cune- ated or wedge-formed, the middle feathers being longer than the outer ones. These feathers are most singularly contrasted with the rest, being of a fine dark green, glossed with gold, and at the tip black, while the three outer feathers on the contrary are white, and from the base downwards nearly to the tip very elegantly mark- ed with oblique indented bars of black, leaving the tip of each feather immaculate; the inner one of these three exterior feathers are the same length as the dark ones, but the next outer feather is

shorter, and the extreme exterior feather on each side shorter than

the latter,

There is a variety of this bird in which the belly, instead of being yellow, is white; the whole bird is a trifle smaller than the . example now before us, and may possibly prove hereafter to be the

same species, in a less mature state of plumage. Buffon calls it

Le Couroucou verd.

All the birds of this tribe at present known are inhabitants of the warmer climates of South America and India. Our present subject is a native of Cayenne, where it lives in damp and retired woods, building upon the lower branches of trees and feeding chiefly

D

PLATE II,

upon insects, with which the trees and herbage in those countries

abound.

This truly interesting and very beautiful species is already known in our language by the epithet of the yellow-bellied Trogon or Curucui, There is, however, another bird of the same genus, which has the belly yellow, as in the present bird; we allude to the Rufous Curucui, the better therefore to define our species we have denominated it the yellow-bellied Green Trogon, or Curucui, as the least attention to the difference in the general colour of the plumage will thus enable the most cursory observer to discriminate the twq

species with facility and accuracy.

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London. lublished by E. Donovan,as the Act directs April 1°78 22.

ENTOMOLOGY.

PLATE III. FIGURE I, I.

PAPILIO CODOMANNUS.

CODOMANNUS BUTTERFLY.

ORDER

LEPIDOPTERA.

GENERIC CHARACTER.

Antenne thicker towards the tip and generally terminating in

a knob: wings erect when at rest. Fly by day.

SPECIFIC CHARACTER AND

SYNONYMS.

Wings entire, deep black with sanguineous bands: posterior

ones beneath with annular yellow lines and dots of blue.

PLATE III.

* DANAI FESTIVI Fabr.

PapiILio CODOMANNUS: alis integerrrimis atris sanguineo fascia- tis: posticis subtus lineis annularibus flavis punc- tisque coceruleis. Fabr. Spec. Ins. t. 2. p. 57. n. 253.—Mant. Ins. 2. p. 28. n. 292.—Ent. Syst. t. 3. p. 1. p. 53. n. 165.

Alae anticze supra atrae basi fasciaque, que margines haud at- tingit, sanguineis. Punctum fulvum transversum versus apicem et margo apicis albo punctatus. Subtus fere concolores fascia tantum flava et striga coerulea apicis. Posticae supra atrze vitta abbreviata fulva, subtus atree lineis annularibus flavis punctisque coerulescenti-

bus. Pectus albo punctatum. Fabr.

PAPILIO CODOMANNUS alis integerrimis atris sanguineo fasciatis :